Books are awesome

I love books 📖. I have my own library of hundreds of books. I have lost count. Books broaden the mind and enlighten the spirit and soul.

Today’s purchases include:

📖 Diseases of the Heart and Circulation by Professor Albert Peel, published in 1947 (original)

📖 The Nature Doctor by Dr H. C. Alfred Vogel, originally published in 1952 (676 pages)

📖 A Modern Herbal by M Grieve, originally published in 1931 (912 pages)


I love collecting books. I love reading books. Read as many books and as often as you can. The book by Professor Peel is a new addition. One of my most favourite books is a herbal medicine original text published in 1863. She is beautiful. The information is still valid in 2018!

Start the day with a healthy breakfast and mindfulness

It is always best to start the day with a healthy breakfast and mindfulness for optimum mental, physical, and emotional health and wellbeing. This can be done anywhere (at home, holidays, local beach or park). I’m currently on the Gold Coast having a time out. Relaxing in the sun. I presented on the topic of MTHFR and Pyrrole Disorder at the NATPRAC Conference yesterday and today is my rest and relax day. It was an awesome conference.

All the best to you. Hope your dreams come true 💫

Another day in paradise!

Another day in paradise!

Don’t forget to have a time out for yourself every day. Currently I’m relaxing in the sun and surf on the Gold Coast. 🌞🌊

FX Medicine Podcast Cardiometabolic Syndrome Part 2

Cardiovascular and metabolic disease account for a large number of deaths in Australians, and we’re not getting any healthier. As clinicians we’re tasked everyday with making therapeutic decisions based on the best available science for a patient’s individual health circumstances. There is an art to interpreting scientific conclusions drawn from nutritional and lifestyle modifications, which can often be ambiguous and leaving us with more questions than answers. This is where Dr Bradley McEwen’s expertise is invaluable.

In today’s part two podcast, Andrew and Brad expertly navigate the many evidence-based interventions for cardiometabolic syndrome(s) and how to draw out relevant conclusions to make rational clinical decisions.

FX Medicine podcast on Cardiometabolic Syndrome Part 1

Cardiometabolic syndrome is a very serious health condition that needs more recognition. Cardiometabolic syndrome is a multifactorial complex condition and is a cluster of abdominal obesity, elevated blood pressure, and elevated triglycerides and fasting plasma glucose. Additionally, there is insulin resistance, chronic inflammation, increased oxidative stress, and a prothrombotic state. There is a higher risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Out of Australia’s top 20 leading causes of death in 2016, 6 of these can be directly related to cardiometabolic syndrome and another 3 of these diseases have links with cardiometabolic syndrome.

Collectively cardiometabolic syndrome accounts for more deaths in Australia than any other single disease.

Diet and nutrition play a major role in the management of cardiometabolic syndrome. This podcast discusses the impact of cardiometabolic syndrome on health as well as the effect of diet and nutrition, plus more.

Cardiometabolic syndrome needs greater attention. Listen on for more information…

Cardiometabolic Syndrome FX Medicine Podcast Part 1

Also available on iTunes

International Coffee Day 2018

International Coffee Day ☕️

Coffee has numerous mental and physical health benefits. Coffee should be enjoyed daily with family, friends, or as a time out.

Have a time out. Sit back and relax. Enjoy!


Calm Mind + Fit Body

Calm Mind + Fit Body

Meditation and regular exercise have numerous health benefits. Do both regularly!

Turmeric and liver health

Turmeric is a multipurpose herb and food that has many health benefits. Oxidative stress has been considered a key causing factor of liver damage. Chronic liver diseases are often accompanied by increased oxidative stress, irrespective of the cause of the liver dysfunction. Oxidative stress is described as excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and an oxidant and antioxidant imbalance. Oxidative stress can lead to cellular degradation of proteins, lipids and DNA. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) participates in the liver fibrogenic response and contributes to ischaemia/regeneration, necrosis and apoptosis.

Curcumin is the main constituent of turmeric, the rhizome of Curcuma longa. Turmeric has numerous health benefits including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Curcumin can reduce lipid radicals in the cell membrane and become a phenoxyl radical, so it is considered a very strong lipid-soluble antioxidant. Furthermore, curcumin was found to inhibit lipid peroxidation and neutralise ROS (superoxide, peroxyl, hydroxyl radicals) and RNS (nitric oxide and peroxynitrite).

Turmeric (curcumin) can be effective in various types of oxidative associated liver disorders.

Farzaei MH et al. Curcumin in Liver Diseases: A Systematic Review of the Cellular Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Clinical Perspective. Nutrients. 2018 Jul 1; 10(7): 855.

Sunrise meditation

Beautiful morning with an amazing sunrise 🌞. Meditation and mindfulness. Great day to start any day!

Night beach walks and meditation

I like to do night beach walks and meditation for relaxation.

What do you do to relax?

Can NAC improve the cardiometabolic profile of women with PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in females of reproductive age. PCOS can be described as a complex endocrine condition and is characterised by polycystic ovaries, anovulation, amenorrhoea, hyperandrogenaemia, hirsutism, acne and infertility. All of these characteristics of PCOS affect quality of life and wellbeing.

Metabolic syndrome is diagnosed when any three of the following five risk factors are present: elevated fasting plasma glucose level (hyperglycaemia), elevated triglyceride levels, reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level, elevated blood pressure, and increased waist circumference.

Additionally, chronic inflammation and oxidative stress have been associated with cardiometabolic syndrome. Women with PCOS have an increased risk of insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, altered cholesterol and triglyceride levels, inflammation, oxidative stress and impaired endothelial dysfunction, which are indicative of cardiometabolic syndrome.

Nutrition plays a major role in the prevention and management of chronic disease, especially cardiometabolic syndrome.

N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is an amino acid that contains a thiol group. NAC has numerous cardioprotective properties, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions, improving lipid profile, as well as decreasing oxidative stress and reducing paracetamol toxicity, along with mucolytic and detoxification properties. NAC is one of the precursors of glutathione, which is an important antioxidant.

PCOS and cardiometabolic syndrome are complex health conditions. NAC shows promise in the management of cardiometabolic parameters in women with PCOS, via reducing insulin resistance, blood glucose levels and improving lipid profile. The dosages used in these trials were 1800 mg per day for 24 weeks and a step-wise dosage up to 1800 mg per day (study length three months).

Read on for more info:

Herbal Medicine – a snapshot

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 80% of the world’s population use traditional medicine for their primary health care needs. Most of this therapy involves the use of plant extracts or the active components from plants. Plants have been used for their healing purposes throughout human history and forms the origin of modern medicine. Herbal medicine emphasises the effects of herbs on the whole body and individual body systems (McEwen 2015).

Herbal medicines include herbs, herbal materials, herbal preparations and finished herbal products, that contain as active ingredients parts of plants, or other plant materials, or combinations (WHO 2000). Traditional use of herbal medicines refers to the long historical use of these medicines (WHO 2000).

Speak with a naturopath or herbalist for more information.


McEwen BJ 2015, The Influence of Herbal Medicine on Platelet Function and Coagulation: A Narrative Review, Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis, 41(3); 300-314.

World Health Organization (WHO) 2000, General Guidelines for Methodologies on Research and Evaluation of Traditional Medicine. WHO/EDM/TRM/2000.1

Vitamin K2

Population-based studies have shown an inverse association between dietary menaquinones (MK-n, vitamin K2) intake, coronary calcification and coronary heart disease risk, suggesting a potential role of vitamin K in vascular health.

Vitamin K serves as a cofactor for γ-glutamate carboxylase, promoting the post-translational conversion of glutamate residues into γ-carboxyglutamate (Gla) in γ-carboxyglutamate-proteins. The γ-carboxyglutamate-residues confer calcium-binding properties needed for the proper functioning of these proteins. The most studied γ-carboxyglutamate-proteins are osteocalcin (synthesised by osteoblasts) and matrix γ-carboxyglutamate-protein (MGP, synthesised primarily by vascular smooth muscle cells).

When vitamin K levels are insufficient, carboxylation proceeds to a lesser extent, resulting in the release of γ-carboxyglutamate-proteins in the circulation as undercarboxylated species. Circulating uncarboxylated osteocalcin and desphospho-uncarboxylated matrix Gla-protein are recognised markers for bone and vascular vitamin K status, respectively. Remarkably, substantial fractions of osteocalcin and matrix Gla-protein circulate as uncarboxylated species in most healthy adults, suggesting that vitamin K insufficiency is widespread in Western society. High levels of uncarboxylated osteocalcin form an independent risk predictor for bone fracture and low bone mineral density. High levels of desphospho-uncarboxylated matrix Gla-protein have been found in people at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and have been associated with arterial calcification and cardiovascular mortality. Osteocalcin and matrix Gla-protein carboxylation can be improved by increased vitamin K intake by diet and supplements.

This study found that consuming a yoghurt drink fortified with low doses of vitamin K (menaquinone-7 (MK-7), daily dose of 56 µg), vitamins C and D, and omega-3 PUFA (EPA + DHA, daily dose of 0.2 g) significantly improved vitamin K status.

Knapen MHJ et al., Yogurt drink fortified with menaquinone-7 improves vitamin K status in a healthy population, J Nutr Sci. 2015; 4: e35.

World chocolate day

Today is world chocolate day. Chocolate and cacao have numerous health benefits. Too many to name here 😉I recommend chocolate, especially high cacao, every day! Enjoy life!

The impact of diet on cardiometabolic syndrome

Optimum nutrition plays the major role in optimum health. Cardiometabolic syndrome is a disease of unhealthy diet and lifestyle. It is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, including elevated triglyceride levels, fasting plasma glucose level (hyperglycaemia), elevated blood pressure, increased waist circumference, and reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level. It is a multifactorial risk factor for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Cardiometabolic syndrome is generally regarded as a pro-inflammatory and prothrombotic state. Inflammation drives insulin resistance and oxidative stress, further amplifying cardiometabolic syndrome.

There are numerous health consequences related to cardiometabolic syndrome; these include non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, overweight, high adiposity, reproductive dysfunction, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and obstructive sleep apnoea.

Diet and nutrition play major roles in the prevention and management of chronic disease, especially cardiometabolic syndrome. The Westernised diet (high in sugar, saturated fat, fried foods, refined grains) has numerous negative effects on the parameters of cardiometabolic syndrome.


A predominantly plant-based, Mediterranean-style, low-glycaemic index diet and diets higher in fruits, vegetables, fibre, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, tree nuts, and potassium have been associated with a lower risk of cardiometabolic syndrome. Additionally, the Palaeolithic diet has beneficial effects in the management of cardiometabolic syndrome.


McEwen B. The impact of diet on cardiometabolic syndrome, J ATMS, 2018; 24(2): 72-77.

The importance of minerals for cognitive development in children

Optimum nutrition is fundamental for the development of a child’s full potential and there are studies that link chronic undernutrition and micronutrient deficiency to cognitive deficits.[1]

Undernutrition has been shown to negatively impact various developmental and cognitive areas including motor development, language functioning, intelligent quotient (IQ), as well as memory and executive functions.[2] The brain needs nutrients to build and maintain its structure.[3]

Minerals, particularly iron and selenium, play major roles in cognitive development and maintenance. Further research is suggested to investigate the effects of nutrition, particularly minerals, for cognitive development and maintenance in children.

Click the link below for more information. FX Medicine:

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